encyclopedia coal mining

  • Coal Mining Encyclopedia

    COAL MINING. From the late Middle Ages to the end of the eighteenth century, coal had been occasionally used as a fuel mainly for house heating in various places in Great Britain, the Low Countries, France, and Germany.Starting in the sixteenth century, coal mined around Newcastle and Durham was shipped to London and other towns. Beginning in the mid-eighteenth century the First IndustrialCoal mining Encyclopedia Britannica,Coal mining, extraction of coal deposits from the surface of Earth and from underground. Coal is the most abundant fossil fuel on Earth. Its predominant use has always been for producing heat energy. It was the basic energy source that fueled the Industrial Revolution of the 18th and 19th

  • Coal Mining The Canadian Encyclopedia

    A carbonaceous fossil fuel, coal has a long history as the key energy source in the transition to industrialization, beginning in 17th-century Europe. In Canada, the history of commercial coal mining dates back nearly three centuries. Coal provided a critical energy source for early industrialization, generating steam power and coke (i.e., a manufactured, high-carbon derivative of coal thatCoal mining Simple English Wikipedia, the free ,Coal mining is the process of getting coal out of the ground. It is part of the mining industry.Coal is used as a resource for making electricity.. Extraction. Surface mining is done when the coal is near the surface. Coal miners remove the soil above the coal. The coal can then be removed without the coal miners having to go deep underground..

  • Coal National Geographic Society

    Coal Mining Coal can be extracted from the earth either by surface mining or underground mining. Once coal has been extracted, it can be used directly (for heating and industrial processes) or to fuel power plants for electricity. Surface Mining If coal is less than 61 meters (200 feet) underground, it can be extracted through surface mining. In surface mining, workers simply remove anyMining Encyclopedia,Coal mining accounts for about half of all surface mining, extraction of sand, gravel, stone, and clay for another 35%, phosphate rock for about 5%, and all metallic ores, for about 13%. There are four kinds of surface mines: open-pit mines, strip mines, mountaintop mines, and alluvial (or placer) mines. Open-pit mines consist of deep cone-shaped holes or pits that are excavated in rock that

  • Coal mining Choosing a mining method Britannica

    Coal mining Coal mining Choosing a mining method: The various methods of mining a coal seam can be classified under two headings, surface mining and underground mining. Surface and underground coal mining are broad activities that incorporate numerous variations in equipment and methods, and the choice of which method to use in extracting a coal seam depends on many Coal mining Facts for Kids Kids encyclopedia facts,Coal mining is the process of extracting coal from the ground. Coal is valued for its energy content, and, since the 1880s, has been widely used to generate electricity. Steel and cement industries use coal as a fuel for extraction of iron from iron ore and for cement production.

  • Coal in Canada The Canadian Encyclopedia

    Coal is a fossil fuel that has been used as a source of energy in Canada since the 18th century. Canada is home to 0.6 per cent of the world’s coal resources. Most of the country’s coal reserves (over 95 per cent) are found in Alberta, British Columbia and Saskatchewan.In recent years, the environmental movement has opposed the coal industry for disrupting local ecosystems, creatingCoal, Production of Encyclopedia,COAL, PRODUCTION OFGEOLOGY OF COALCoal is a fossil fuel—an energy source whose beginnings can be traced to once-living organic materials. It is a combustible mineral, formed from the remains of trees, ferns, and other plants that existed and died in the tropical forests 400 million to 1 billion years ago. Source for information on Coal, Production of: Macmillan Encyclopedia of Energy

  • Coal Mining Encyclopedia of Arkansas

    Coal fields in Arkansas are located in the Arkansas River Valley between the western border of the state and Russellville (Pope County) an area only about thirty-three miles wide and sixty miles long. Until about 1880, most coal mined in Arkansas was used near its original location, often to fuel the fires of blacksmiths. Between 1880 and 1920, coal was Arkansas’s first mineral/fuel outputCoal in Turkey Wikipedia,Coal supplies over a quarter of Turkey's primary energy. The heavily subsidised coal industry generates over a third of the country's electricity and emits a third of Turkey's greenhouse gases.Every year, thousands of people die prematurely from coal-related causes, the most common of which is local air pollution.. Most coal mined in Turkey is lignite (brown coal), which is more polluting than

  • Room-and-pillar mining coal mining

    In coal mining: Development of continuous mining loading, developed in association with room-and-pillar mining. The oldest of the basic underground methods, room-and-pillar mining grew naturally out of the need to recover more coal as mining operations became deeper and more expensive.Mining Encyclopedia Britannica,Large stripping machines with excavating wheels used in surface coal mining are employed in other types of open-pit mines. Water inflow was a very important problem in underground mining until James Watt invented the steam engine in the 18th century. After that, steam-driven pumps could be used to remove water from the deep mines of the day. Early lighting systems were of the open-flame type

  • Coal mining Prospecting and exploration

    Coal mining Coal mining Prospecting and exploration: The fundamental objective of coal prospecting is to discover coal resources through a search. In areas where coal mining has not been previously practiced, the search process should result in obtaining coal samples that give reasonable evidence of the existence of a coal seam. Once a seam has been discovered, considerable further Coal Wikipedia,Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock, formed as rock strata called coal seams.Coal is mostly carbon with variable amounts of other elements; chiefly hydrogen, sulfur, oxygen, and nitrogen. Coal is formed when dead plant matter decays into peat and is converted into coal by the heat and pressure of deep burial over millions of years.

  • Coal mining in Kentucky Wikipedia

    Coal mining in Kentucky politics Both Republican Party and Democratic Party candidates in the 2011 gubernatorial election have expressed their desire to maintain Kentucky coal. All three Republican primary candidates, David Williams,Bobby Holsclaw,Phil Moffett,have stated that they support not only the Kentucky coal industry but also the practice of mountaintop removal . [27]Coal Mining Encyclopedia of Alabama,Mining engineer and English émigré Joseph Squire revolutionized coal-mining operations upon his arrival in central Alabama in 1859. Settling in Montevallo, he worked at different times for both Browne and the ACMC. He used practical experience, exploration, testing, charting, and mapping to identify seams and to solve various extraction problems. For the next 50 years, Squire and fellow coal

  • Drainage (mining) Encyclopedia

    Coal mining was always a dangerous under-taking and some of the early coal operators took advantage of mine workers. Dangers included mineshaft collapse, explosions, and exposure to coal dust, which could cause "black-lung disease." In 1890 miners banded together to found their own union, the United Mine Workers (UMW), to improve safety and working conditions. The union also improved wagesMining Simple English Wikipedia, the free ,Mining is the process of digging things out of the ground. Any material that cannot be grown must be mined. Mining things from the ground is called extraction.Mining can include extraction of metals and minerals, like coal, diamond, gold, silver, platinum, copper, tin and iron.Mining can also include other things like oil and natural gas.. Some mining is done by scraping away the soil (dirt

  • Coal mining Article about coal mining by The

    coal mining, physical extraction of coal resources to yield coal; also, the business of exploring for, developing, mining, and transporting coal in any form. Coal has been historiUnderground coal mine Article about ,3 April 2018 British-Australian metals and mining company Rio Tinto (NYSE: RIO) has entered into a binding agreement with a consortium comprising private equity manager EMR Capital and Indonesian coal company PT Adaro Energy Tbk for the sale of its entire 80% interest in the Kestrel underground coal mine in Queensland, Australia, for AUD 2.25bn (USD 1.73bn), the company said.

  • Coal mining Simple English Wikipedia, the free

    Coal mining is the process of getting coal out of the ground. It is part of the mining industry. Coal is used as a resource for making electricity. Extraction Edit. Surface mining is done when the coal is near the surface. Coal miners remove the soil above the coal. The coal can then be removed without the coal miners having to go deep underground.. Underground mining is when the coal isCoal and coal mining Te Ara Encyclopedia of ,Browse the Encyclopedia. Stories A-Z Te Reo Māori Biographies Sections Keywords Your stories. Te Ara Home › Earth, Sea and Sky › Mineral Resources › Coal and coal mining; Story: Coal and coal mining. Coal was formed from plants laid down in peat swamps. Millions of years later, men mined it out in dirty conditions to power steel mills and winter fires. Story by Alan Sherwood and Jock

  • Mining Article about mining by The Free Dictionary

    mining, extraction of solid mineral resources from the earth. These resources include ores, which contain commercially valuable amounts of metals, such as iron and aluminum; precious stones, such as diamonds; building stones, such as granite; and solid fuels, such as coal and oil shale.The US Coal Industry in the Nineteenth Century,Since most antebellum coal mining operations were often limited to a few skilled miners aided by lesser skilled laborers, the labor relations in American coal mining regions saw little extended conflict. Early coal miners also worked close to the surface, often in horizontal drift mines, which meant that work was not as dangerous in the era before deep shaft mining. Most mining operations were

  • Coal miner Article about coal miner by The Free

    coal mining, physical extraction of coal resources to yield coal; also, the business of exploring for, developing, mining, and transporting coal in any form. Coal has been historically important industrially as a source of energy, but air pollution and climate change, which the burning of coal contributes to more than other commonly used fossil,